Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is one of the most common STDs. It is spread easily because Chlamydia often does not show any signs or symptoms, so a person may not be aware of infection when it is present.

What are the symptoms of chlamydia?

Most of the time a person will show no signs or symptoms of Chlamydia.

Common symptoms in women:

  • Discharge, fever, abnormal odor, itching, or burning.
  • Pain during periods or sex.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Bleeding between periods.

If left untreated, Chlamydia can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which can cause infertility.

Symptoms in men:

  • Discharge, painful urination, burning and itching.
  • Testicular pain.

If left untreated in men, Chlamydia can cause nongonococcal urethritis (NGU).

Testing for Chlamydia

The std test for chlamydia is performed using a urine sample and not a swab. The test uses nucleic acid amplification to detect the presence of the bacterium. The nucleic acid amplification test has been proven to be more accurate and less painful than the swab test.

Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is a highly infectious disease that affects both men and women. Sometimes called the “clap” or “drip”, it is spread through bodily fluids during sexual intercourse. The bacteria can grow in the mouth, throat, and anus.

Symptoms of gonorrhea in women:

  • Vaginal discharge
  • Pain in the abdomen or pelvic area
  • Burning sensation while urinating
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Spotting after intercourse
  • Swollen glands

Symptoms in women can often go unnoticed.

Symptoms of gonorrhea in men:

  • Painful urination
  • Discharge
  • Painful or swollen testicles

In men, symptoms usually show up two to fourteen days after infection. In some cases the symptoms are so mild that they often go unnoticed.

If left untreated, gonorrhea can cause serious or permanent problems in men and women.

Gonorrhea in women can lead to infertility. Gonorrhea can cause an increased risk of ectopic pregnancy, which can endanger both the mother and the baby.
Gonorrhea can also cause infertility in men, and can also affect the prostate and can lead to scarring inside the urethra, causing painful urination.

Testing for Gonorrhea

The test is performed using a urine sample and not a swab. The test uses nucleic acid amplification to detect the presence of the bacterium. The nucleic acid amplification test has been proven to be more accurate and less painful than the swab test. There are also at home testing options.

Herpes

Herpes is cause by the herpes simplex virus. Herpes Type-1 is usually associated with oral herpes, or cold sores. Herpes Type-2 is usually associated with genital herpes.

What are some symptoms of Herpes?

Symptoms typically appear as blisters in or around the mouth, genitals, or rectum. In more cases than not, an infected person may never show any signs or symptoms. The symptoms are also sometimes overlooked as a skin irritation like pimples or insect bites.

Who is at risk for Herpes?

20% of all people above the age of twelve in the U.S. are believed to be infected with genital herpes. 90% of infected people are not aware of it.
The CDC estimates that 50-80% of adults in the U.S. are infected with oral herpes.
Women are more at risk than men because a woman’s genitals can be more easily infected by the virus than a man’s.

How is Herpes spread?

Herpes is spread through skin to skin contact, so a condom does not always protect you from the virus.
HSV-1 or oral herpes, is usually spread through kissing. It is possible for oral herpes to spread to the genitals through oral sex.
HSV-2 or genital herpes, is spread through vaginal or anal sex. Genital herpes can spread to the mouth during oral sex.

Testing for Herpes

Having both the IGG and IGM tests performed together is the most effective way to determine if there is a infection.

IGM
The IGM test is used for early detection of the virus. This will test for the presence of the virus that may have been contracted within the past six weeks.

IGG
The IGG will not only detect the presence of the virus, but it will also determine what type of virus is present.

Hepatitis

Herpes is cause by the herpes simplex virus. Herpes Type-1 is usually associated with oral herpes, or cold sores. Herpes Type-2 is usually associated with genital herpes.

What are some symptoms of Herpes?

Symptoms typically appear as blisters in or around the mouth, genitals, or rectum. In more cases than not, an infected person may never show any signs or symptoms. The symptoms are also sometimes overlooked as a skin irritation like pimples or insect bites.

Who is at risk for Herpes?

20% of all people above the age of twelve in the U.S. are believed to be infected with genital herpes. 90% of infected people are not aware of it.
The CDC estimates that 50-80% of adults in the U.S. are infected with oral herpes.
Women are more at risk than men because a woman’s genitals can be more easily infected by the virus than a man’s.

How is Herpes spread?

Herpes is spread through skin to skin contact, so a condom does not always protect you from the virus.
HSV-1 or oral herpes, is usually spread through kissing. It is possible for oral herpes to spread to the genitals through oral sex.
HSV-2 or genital herpes, is spread through vaginal or anal sex. Genital herpes can spread to the mouth during oral sex.

Testing for Herpes

Having both the IGG and IGM tests performed together is the most effective way to determine if there is a infection.

IGM
The IGM test is used for early detection of the virus. This will test for the presence of the virus that may have been contracted within the past six weeks.

IGG
The IGG will not only detect the presence of the virus, but it will also determine what type of virus is present.